What Concerns Are There About Open Source Programs?

What Concerns Are There About Open Source Programs?


3 min read

Open-source software has revolutionized technology and provides immense value, yet legitimate concerns exist regarding security, support, and business models that are important to consider. As you evaluate open source for your needs, understanding these challenges along with the benefits can lead to better decisions.

Enhanced Access Raises Security Concerns

A major advantage of open source is that anyone can access and modify the source code. But this accessibility is also the root of several security issues you should be aware of.

  • Increased vulnerability to attacks: Because code is public, hackers can more easily search for and exploit weaknesses. Flaws may exist for longer periods before patching.

  • Fragmented coordination: Decentralized, community-based development can lead to fragmented coordination in addressing vulnerabilities. The response may lack consistency across projects.

  • Unverified code: Code from unofficial sources could contain harmful components that can be difficult to detect. Without centralized vetting, quality control depends more on individual contributors.

The open collaborative model that enables open source's strengths can unfortunately work against it regarding security. While structural integrity issues get solved over time, data breaches through unpatched exploits continue to make headlines.

Business Model Challenges

Open-source software is free to use, modify, and distribute. However, this raises business model concerns regarding long-term support and innovation.

  • Lack of funding: Most projects rely on volunteers and lack resources for major features or innovation. Approved grants are limited and sparse. Monetization is often through indirect channels only.

  • Overreliance on key contributors: Decision-making and project direction depend on a few key contributors. If they leave, support can stall. Passion and interest drive contribution more than incentives.

  • Support uncertainties: With no binding service-level agreements, support depends on community responsiveness. If issues remain unresolved, users have little recourse. Delays are common for niche projects.

The absence of direct funding through license fees or subscriptions is intrinsic to open source philosophy. Those building businesses around open-source technologies must get creative with support services, hosting, training, and commercial add-ons.

What's Next for Open Source?

The open-source movement has come a long way from its ideological roots and transformed software globally. The incentives and structures powering this decentralized collaboration model continue yielding incredible shared value.

Yet as adoption permeates mission-critical business systems, legitimate concerns persist around security, support, and funding to sustain innovation. Public and private sector initiatives to bolster cybersecurity vulnerability coordination, contributor incentives, and alternative commercial support models seek to strengthen open source resilience.


With adaptable governance and commercial backing, open-source software can balance the needs of users, contributors, and businesses-delivering accessibility, continuity, and prosperity.

Despite the challenges, the open-source foundation remains strong. Understanding the risks involved will lead to better decisions for evaluating and adopting open-source software for your needs.